Database

Connecting to a database

In order to connect to a database, you need to import the database's driver first. For example:

import _ "github.com/go-sql-driver/mysql"

GORM has wrapped some drivers, for easier to remember the import path, so you could import the mysql driver with

import _ "github.com/jinzhu/gorm/dialects/mysql"
// import _ "github.com/jinzhu/gorm/dialects/postgres"
// import _ "github.com/jinzhu/gorm/dialects/sqlite"
// import _ "github.com/jinzhu/gorm/dialects/mssql"

MySQL

NOTE: In order to handle time.Time, you need to include parseTime as a parameter. (More supported parameters)

import (
    "github.com/jinzhu/gorm"
    _ "github.com/jinzhu/gorm/dialects/mysql"
)

func main() {
  db, err := gorm.Open("mysql", "user:password@/dbname?charset=utf8&parseTime=True&loc=Local")
  defer db.Close()
}

PostgreSQL

import (
    "github.com/jinzhu/gorm"
    _ "github.com/jinzhu/gorm/dialects/postgres"
)

func main() {
  db, err := gorm.Open("postgres", "host=myhost user=gorm dbname=gorm sslmode=disable password=mypassword")
  defer db.Close()
}

Sqlite3

import (
    "github.com/jinzhu/gorm"
    _ "github.com/jinzhu/gorm/dialects/sqlite"
)

func main() {
  db, err := gorm.Open("sqlite3", "/tmp/gorm.db")
  defer db.Close()
}

SQL Server

Get started with SQL Server, it can running on your Mac, Linux with Docker

import (
    "github.com/jinzhu/gorm"
    _ "github.com/jinzhu/gorm/dialects/mssql"
)

func main() {
  db, err = gorm.Open("mssql", "sqlserver://username:password@localhost:1433?database=dbname")
  defer db.Close()
}

Write Dialect for unsupported databases

GORM officially supports the above databases, but you could write a dialect for unsupported databases.

To write your own dialect, refer to: https://github.com/jinzhu/gorm/blob/master/dialect.go

Migration

Auto Migration

Automatically migrate your schema, to keep your schema update to date.

WARNING: AutoMigrate will ONLY create tables, missing columns and missing indexes, and WON'T change existing column's type or delete unused columns to protect your data.

db.AutoMigrate(&User{})

db.AutoMigrate(&User{}, &Product{}, &Order{})

// Add table suffix when create tables
db.Set("gorm:table_options", "ENGINE=InnoDB").AutoMigrate(&User{})

Has Table

// Check model `User`'s table exists or not
db.HasTable(&User{})

// Check table `users` exists or not
db.HasTable("users")

Create Table

// Create table for model `User`
db.CreateTable(&User{})

// will append "ENGINE=InnoDB" to the SQL statement when creating table `users`
db.Set("gorm:table_options", "ENGINE=InnoDB").CreateTable(&User{})

Drop table

// Drop model `User`'s table
db.DropTable(&User{})

// Drop table `users
db.DropTable("users")

// Drop model's `User`'s table and table `products`
db.DropTableIfExists(&User{}, "products")

ModifyColumn

Modify column's type to given value

// change column description's data type to `text` for model `User`
db.Model(&User{}).ModifyColumn("description", "text")

DropColumn

// Drop column description from model `User`
db.Model(&User{}).DropColumn("description")

Add Foreign Key

// Add foreign key
// 1st param : foreignkey field
// 2nd param : destination table(id)
// 3rd param : ONDELETE
// 4th param : ONUPDATE
db.Model(&User{}).AddForeignKey("city_id", "cities(id)", "RESTRICT", "RESTRICT")

Indexes

// Add index for columns `name` with given name `idx_user_name`
db.Model(&User{}).AddIndex("idx_user_name", "name")

// Add index for columns `name`, `age` with given name `idx_user_name_age`
db.Model(&User{}).AddIndex("idx_user_name_age", "name", "age")

// Add unique index
db.Model(&User{}).AddUniqueIndex("idx_user_name", "name")

// Add unique index for multiple columns
db.Model(&User{}).AddUniqueIndex("idx_user_name_age", "name", "age")

// Remove index
db.Model(&User{}).RemoveIndex("idx_user_name")

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